DME University

How is Vanadium Used in Steel Alloys?


Vanadium is a bright white, soft, ductile metallic element found in several minerals. Vanadium has good structural strength and is used in rust resistant high-speed tools.

Effect of Vanadium in steel alloys
Vanadium helps to impart a fine grain structure to steel which increases the strength of the material. Vanadium is also used to stabilize carbon and as a bonding agent in steel alloys.

  • (+) Increases tensile strength.
  • (+) Increases wear resistance.
  • (+) Helps in heat treatment.
  • (+) Increases toughness.
  • (+) Increases shock resistance.
  • (+) Increases fatigue resistance.
  • (-) Vanadium is relatively expensive.



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